Title 
Source 
Egyptian Sliding Pole 
Egypt, 300 B.C. 
Italian Sliding Pole 
Italy, 1300 A.D. 
Sheep for Dinner? 
Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
The 80 Angula Snake 
Mahavira's Ganit Saar Sangraha, India, ca. 850. 
Sliding Reed 
Babylon, 16001800 B.C. 
Broken Bamboo Shoot 
Yang Hui's Xiangjie jiuzhang suanfa, China, 1261 B.C. 
Arjuna’s Arrows 
Bhaskara, India, ca. 1150 
Missing Apples 
Greece, 250 A.D. 
Clock Afire 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
Hiding a Profit 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
Handicap Match 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
The ABC Race 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
Escaping Monkeys 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
Walking the Square 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
Why 792? 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
On Schedule 
Charles Pendlebury's Arithmetic, G. Bell & Son, 1918 
The Brazen Lion 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Cat and the Rat 
Brahmagupta's Brahmasphutasiddhanta, India, 628 A.D. 
Crossing Krosas 
Mahavira's Ganit Saar Sangraha, India, 850 A.D. 
Expensive Horse 
Robert Recorde's Grounde of Artes, 1541 
Lucinda’s Bad Day 
R. Weeks' Boys' Own Arithmetic, 1924 
Gambling It All Away 
Tartaglia's General Trattato, Italy, 1556 
See Da Birdies 
H Baker's The Well Spring of Sciences, Which Teacheth the Perfect Worke and Practise of Arithmeticke, both in Whole Numbers and Fractions, 1568 
The Egge Mayde 
H. Baker's The Well Spring of Sciences, Which Teacheth the Perfect Worke and Practise of Arithmeticke,both in Whole Numbers and Fractions, 1568 
Approximately Pi 
Aryabhata's Aryabhatiya, India, 510 A.D. 
Log Tables 
“Problem Section," American Mathematics Monthly, 1930, p. 558 
Old Woman in a Basket 
“Problem Section," American Mathematics Monthly, 1896, p. 281 
Wild West Chase 
Daniel Hagar's Common School Arithmetic, 1871, p. 324 
Tobacco Savings 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Square Farm 
8th Grade Final Exam, Salina, KS, 1895 
Wine Barrel with a Bung 
Edward Olney's The Science of Arithmetic, 1876, p. 277 
Interest in the Principal 
Babylonian scribe, 1700 B.C. 
Fraudulent Balance 
John Hunter's Textbook of Arithmetic, for the Use of Teachers, 1847 
Dish and its Cover 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, April 1873, p. 133 
Pythagorean Triples 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, April 1873, p. 132133 
100 Animals for $100 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, February 1873, p. 57 
Twelve Equals Eleven 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, May 1873, p. 177 
Selling Apples 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, June 1873, p. 204 
Plank Into a Cube 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, August 1873, p. 277 
Incorrect Root 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, October 1873, p. 348 
Square Root of i 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, October 1873, p. 348 
Split Fraction 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, October 1873, p. 348 
Parabolas Galore 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, November 1873, p. 389 
Obey the Signs 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, November 1871, p. 317 
100 Animals Possible 

Ages of ABC 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, June 1872, p. 171 
Gain vs. Loss 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, August 1872, p. 231 
Cone Becomes Cylinder 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, April 1875, p. 131 
1 = 2 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, April 1875, p. 132 
Thrown Body 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, December 1875, p. 422 
Horrendous Progression 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, January 1876, p. 22 
Circles in Triangles 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, January 1876, p. 22 
A Conundrum or Hoax? 
The Illinois Schoolmaster, December 1876, p. 441442 
Three Boats Afloat 
John Hunter's Textbook of Arithmetic, for the Use of Teachers, 1847 
Sacred Seconds 
John Bonneycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Time for a Calculator 
John Bonneycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
You Owe Me and I Owe You 
American Mathematics Monthly, 1897, p. 12 
Clear With Clouds 
American Mathematics Monthly, 1897, p. 122 
Shadowy Latitude 
American Mathematics Monthly, 1898, p. 155 
Passing Women 
Notices of the AMS, April 1997 
Cigars Turned Into Bread 
The Franklin Written Arithmetic, 1878, p. 55 
Want a Ride? 
Benjamin Greenleaf's National Arithmetic, 1859, p. 250 
EightPiped Fountain 
Robinson's New Higher Arithmetic, 1895, p. 501 
Roasting Goose 
Student's handwritten notes in mid19th century arithmetic copy book 
Servant’s Suit 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Stone Wall 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Horse Sold For Gain 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
The Small Divide 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Sum Fractions 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Unwanted Stove 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Costs of a Death Bet 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Use of Taxes! 
Math Competency Exam for Indiana Elementary Teachers, 1923 
Soldiers in Camp 
Selected Amusements in Philosophy and Mathematics Proper for Agreeable Exercising of the Minds of Youth, 1801 
The Cheesemonger is Paid Last 
William Butler's Arithmetical Questions on a New Plan, 1806, No. 36 
Ducats in Sterling 
John Wallis' The SelfInstructor, or Young Man's Best Companion, 1811 
Whopper of a Fish Tail 
Selected Amusements in Philosophy and Mathematics Proper for Agreeable Exercising of the Minds of Youth, 1801, p. 160 
Wedding Day 
Key to Daboll's Arithmetic, 1829 
A Lady’s Age 
A Lady's Diary, 1788 
None of These 
ARCO's Practice for the Army Test, 1942, p. 40 
Sliding Ladder 
The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804 (First U.S. math journal) 
Roods and Rods 
Roswell Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1835, p. 95 
Triangular Rectangles 
Matthew Stewart's General Theorems, 1746 
Bungs, Barrels, and Staves 
George Leonard's A Practical treatise on Arithmetic, 1841, p. 221 
Trading Money for Liquor 
Mid19th century arithmetic text 
Buying Carpet 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920 
Young Man’s Salary 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 9 
A Lawyer’s Daily Income 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 17 
Saving Money for Education 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 20 
Railroads West! 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 20 
Roman Notation 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 27 
Fractions of Mills 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 35 
Average Wealth 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 49 
Increased Income 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 52 
New Car Prices 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 54 
Effect of Multiple Discounts 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 54 
Drayage? 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 70 
Weekly Insurance Policy 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 79 
Cutting Cardboard 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 111 
Living in a Tenement 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 126 
Cost of a Typhoid Epidemic 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 126 
No Air for the Teacher! 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 131 
Bank Failure 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 167 
Buy or Rent 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 174175 
WarSaving Stamps 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 187 
That’s Horses Not Hoses 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 214 
Teachers’ Salaries 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 216 
What’s a Phonograph Record? 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 225 
Silos of Silage 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 228 
Sound vs. Defective Teeth 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 246 
SleepPlayHelpLearn 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 266 
MuleSpinner as a Goal 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 301302 
Husking Corn 
F. Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920 
Where’s the Beef? 
James Thomson's Higher Arithmetic, 1851, p. 190 
Moving Watch Hands 
Teachers' Credential Exam, Washington State, circa 1910 
Constantinople 
Teachers' Credential Exam, Washington State, circa 1910 
Calculate a Cube Root 
Teachers' Credential Exam, Washington State, circa 1910 
Castle Rope 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 73 
Quarter Gird and Hoppus Foot 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 77 
Building a Brick Wall 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 87 
Hogshead of Water 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 89 
Tuesday Was a Good Day 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 95 
Men on a Treadmill 
John Wade's The Mathematical Velocipede, 1869, p. 95 
Special Egyptians 
Rhind Papyrus, Egypt, 1650 B.C. 
Barleycorns in a Foot 
John Stoddard's Juvenile Mental Arithmetic, 1869, p. 34 
Bur and Gar 
Tablet from time of King Hammurabi, Babylon, ca. 1800 B.C. 
Inane Sailing Ship 
Author Gustave Flaubert' letter to his sister Caroline, 1843 
Delmonico’s Menu 
H. Prochnow's 1000 Quips, Stories, & Illustrations, 1972, pp. 68 
Common vs. Leap Year 
D. Voster's Arithmetick in Whole & Broken Numbers Digested After a NewMethod and Chiefly Adapted to the Trade of Ireland, 1758 
Army MediumTank 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 5 
Water Ballast on a Submarine 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 78 
Bottle and Stopper 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, p. 50 
A Baseball Paradox 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, p. 61 
Religion and Mathematics 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Drifting Dredge 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 1718 
Two Lots and Two Houses 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, 159 
Spinning Wheel 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 58 
Jeep vs. Foot Patrol 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 8586 
Center of a Circle 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, p. 258 
Car Climbing Side of a House 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, p. 272 
Enemy Message 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 100 
Newton’s Oxen 
Isaac Newton's Arithmetic Universalis (Raphson's translation), 1728… though Newton used the general case of letters, not numbers. 
Intercepting Enemy Fleet 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 233234 
Hidden Calories 
N.J. Lennes' Practical Mathematics, 1936, p. 204 
Euler Buying Horses, Goats and Sheep 
Leonhard Euler's Elements of Algebra, 1770 
Euler Buying Horses and Oxen 
Leonhard Euler's Elements of Algebra, 1770 
Hand Shakes in a Lodge 
Practice for the Army Tests, 1942 
Piles of Plantains 
Mahavira's Ganita Sara Sangraha, India, 850 A.D. 
Roosters and Hens are Not Chickens? 
Chang Ch'iuchien's Arithmetical Classic, China, 6th Century A.D. 
Log of A Fifth Root 
"Lesson 47,"Gilbert's Algebra Lessons, 1904 
Salary in Bushels of Potatoes 
J. Smith & R. Roberts' Arithmetic, Book 1, 1927, p. 171 
Watering Spirits Down 
B. Smith & A. McMurchy's Advanced Arithmetic for Canadian Schools, 1871, p. 72 
Costs of a Car 
William Briggs' Practical and Plane Geometry, 1911 
Vulgar Fractions 
F. Durell & E.Arnold's Elementary Algebra, 1911, p. 278 
Train Speeds Up 
F. Durell & E.Arnold's Elementary Algebra, 1911, p. 278 
TwentyFour Triangles 
American Mathematics Monthly, 1898, p. 10 
Stockings, Baize, Indigo, and Rum 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Long Long Division 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Frails of Raisins 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Keeping up With the Dagantakalas 
Thomas Mann's Joseph and His Brothers, (4part novel published over 16 years in the 1900s) 
It is an ABCD 
Geometry Rapid Drill Cards, Scott Foresman, 1929 
Columbus Sets Sail 
H. Prochnow's 1000 Quips, Stories, & Illustrations, 1972, pp. 133134 
Was His Name Rosie? 
W.C. Eddy's Wartime Refresher in Fundamental Mathematics, 1945, p. 2930 
Let Them Eat Bread 
Venerable Bede (popularized symbols AD and BC), England, 700 
Large Sturgeon 
Niccolo Tartaglia's Treatise on Number and Measure, 1556 
Cords of Wood 
John Stoddard's Juvenile Mental Arithmetic, 1869, p. 35 
Yes or No 
Geometry Rapid Drill Cards, Scott Foresman, 1929 
Hide That Protractor! 
Ontario Middle School Exam for Entrance into the Normal Schools, Canada, 1919 
Drover’s Cattle 
Horatio Robinson's Progressive Practical Arithmetic, 1874 
Digging Trenches 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Sailing Sloop 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors (Volume 2), 1808, p. 221 
Bent Lotus 
Bhaskara, India, 1150 
Seven Women with Seven Mules Each 
Leonardo Fibonacci's The Book of the Abacus, Italy, 1200 
Frustrated Son in Limbo 
Zeno, Greece, 450 B.C. 
Mule and Donkey Sharing 
Euclid, 300 B.C. (credited but...) 
Archimedes’ Bulls and Cows 
Archimedes, 250 B.C. 
4Piped Cistern 
Nicomachus of Gerasa's Introduction to Arithmetic, 100 
Cubes as Odds 
Theon of Smyrna's Expositio rerum mathematicarum ad legendum Platonem utilium, 130 
Testate the Estate 
Rome, 300 A.D. 
Flock of Sheep 
Nicomachus of Gerasa's Introduction to Arithmetic, 100 
Dividing Counters 
Boethius' Arithmetic, 500 
Ape and the Eagle 
Brahmagupta's Brahmasphuṭasiddhanta, 650 
Fractional Flocks 
Alcuin's Propositiones ad acuendos juvenes, 790 
Dog Chasing the Hare 
Alcuin's Propositiones ad acuendos juvenes, 790 
Swarm of Bees 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1140 
Casks of Wine 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, 1202 
The Dashing Car 
Arithmetic text, 1920s 
Born Yesterday 
Mathematics Magazine, Problem 130, March 1937 
Dad’s Age in Dog Years 
Clifton Fadiman's Fantasia Mathematica, 1958, p. 292 
Ben’s Will 
Benjamin Franklin's will, 1790 
Trisect Task 
Ontario's Middle School Examination For Entrance Into The Normal Schools, Problem 4A, July, 1919. 
Weight, Wealth, and Age 
Garner (IA) Signal (February 11, 1914) 
Wax For Wool 
Luca Paccioli's Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalita, Italy, 1494 
A Wolf, A Goat, and Some Cabbages 
Niccolo Tartaglia's Trattato di numeri et misure, Italy, 1540 
Mod Sheep 
Niccolo Tartaglia's Trattato di numeri et misure, Italy, 1540 
Egg Bordered Garden 
Arithmetic manuscript, 174344 
Selling and Buying Oranges 
Arithmetic manuscript, 174344 
Land Speculation 
Daniel Fish's Robinson's Progressive Practical Arithmetic, 1873, p. 61 
Magical Saddle 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors, 1808, p. 193 
Wish for Only a Son 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors, 1808, p. 212 
Heavy Fish Head 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors, 1808, p. 313 
Grey Hound Chasing the Hare 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors, 1808, p. 314 
Long Cucumber 
Daniel Adam's New Arithmetic, 1838 
Shillings For Sugar 
Daniel Adam's New Arithmetic, 1838 
Big Spender 
Daniel Fish's Robinson's Progressive Practical Arithmetic, 1873, p. 60 
VicePresident’s LayAway 
James Thomson's Higher Arithmetic, 1862, p. 327 
MixedUp Verse 
Samuel Webber's Mathematics Compiled from the Best Authors, 1808, p. 205 
Pretty Girl and Inversion 
Bhaskara, India, 1140 
Enuff’ Snuff 
James Thomson's Higher Arithmetic, 1862, p. 327 
Trisecting an Angle 
Modern Mechanix, November 1931 
Fast Fire Engine 
William Milne's Progressive Arithmetic, Second Book, 1907 
Changing Cost of Living 
William Milne's Progressive Arithmetic, Second Book, 1907 
Temperature DownUnder 
William Milne's Progressive Arithmetic, Second Book, 1907 
Tall Horse 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Quarts of Mead Per Day 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Ride Out Walk In 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Contrary Watches 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Degrees in a Sign? 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Demijohns of Wine 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Difference in Longitude 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Laths, Labor and Nails 
Edward Brooks' New Mental Arithmetic, 1873 
Cheaper Suit 
Daniel Fish's Arithmetic, Number Two, 1883 
Mr. Brown’s Account 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
Reading <i>Bible</i> Verses 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
CentsLess Question 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
Decimal Places 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
Tethered Horse 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
Laying Apples 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
Horse Dealer 
Joseph Ray's New Practical Arithmetic, 1905 
TSquares 
Arthur Hopton's Baculum Geodaeticum, 1610 
Euler’s Bridges 
In 1735, this problem was posed to Leonhard Euler 
Quadrasecting a Line 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 46 
Seeking the Seked 
Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, Egypt, circa 1650 B.C. 
Problem of the Points 
In 1654, gambler Chevalier de Méré posed this problem to Blaise Pascal 
Three Greek Constructions 
Greece, circa 300 B.C. 
Drawing a Square 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 46 
The Indian Pascal 
Halāyudha's 10thcentury commentary on the Chandas Sutra, an ancient Indian text (circa 350 B.C.) 
Number of Many Faces 
Chinese Remainder Problem ("Problem of the Master Sun") in Sun Tzu's Math Manual (circa 400 B.C.) 
Imperfect Perfect Numbers 
Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard: The Almanks, 1749 
Penny’s Worth of Land 
Benjamin Franklin's Poor Richard: The Almanks, 1749 
Flock with One Sheep 
Cheng Dawei's Suanfa tong zong, China, 1592 
Nines on the Brain 

Four Angles and Four Circles 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 47 
Square Town With One Tree 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Heads and Feet 
Yang Hui's Xiangjie jiuzhang suanfa, 1261 
Center of an Arc 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 47 
Reservoir Filled 
Jiuzhang suanshu, China, ca. 200 B.C. 
Dividing a Triangle 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 47 
Splitting Dirhems 
alKhwarizmi's Condensed Book on the Calculation of alJabr and alMuqabala, ca. 820 
Sarasa Birds 
Mahavira's Ganit Saar Sangraha, India, 9th century 
Homework 
Problems taken from a blackboard in the oneroom North Center School (currently a museum), circa 1810, and relocated from Whately (MA) 
A Rhomboid 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 47 
Preparing the Car 
SmithLuceMorss' The Problem and Practice Arithmetics (3rd Book), 1930, p. 293 
A Symmetrical Trapezium 
W. Spencer's Inventional Geometry: A Series of Patterns, 1876, p. 47 
Cutting Up 
Hoyt & H. Peet's Everyday Arithmetic: Advanced Book, 1920, p. 111 
A Number Trick 
Leonardo Fibonacci, Italy, 1200 
3 Men and 3 Ladies 
Leonardo Fibonacci, Italy, 1200 
Theft of Balsam 
“Historical Mathematical Puzzlers,” New York Times, December 13, 1903 
Two Clerks Two Salaries 
“Historical Mathematical Puzzlers,” New York Times, December 13, 1903 
Harmonic Field 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Good and Bad Runners 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Joint Purchase 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Piles of Gold and Silver 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Worth 10 Liang of Silver 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Cows, Sheep and Pigs 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Horses of Three Types 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
Ropes to a Well 
The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, 200 B.C. 
A Dying Father’s Wish 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
Making a Crown 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Three Merchants and a Lost Purse 
Mahavira's GanitaSaraSangraha, India, 9th century 
Drachmae for Squares 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Augeas’ Herds 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Effects of Poverty 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Diophantus’ Age 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Apples for Six 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Brickmaker to the Rescue 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Sons Get Staters 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Don’t Hit Me Mother 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Zodiac Nativity 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Three Loves Spewing Water 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Squares to Factors 
Letter from Frenicle de Bessy to Fermat, August 2, 1641 
Going to St. Ives 
Old English Children's Rhyme, similar to unstated problem in the Rhind Papyrus, Egypt, 3000 B.C. 
Christians and Turks 
Oystein Ore's Number Theory and Its History, 1948 
Clever Josephus 
W.W. Rouse Ball and H.S.M.Coxeter's Mathematical Recreations and Essays, 1987 
The Party at the Inn 
Chritoff Rudolff's Reckoning Manual, Germany, 1526 
Say Quickly, Mathematician 
Bjaskara's Lilavati, India, 1140 
Rubies, Sapphires, and Pearls 
Bjaskara's BijaGanita, India, 1140 
Piles of Fruits 
Mahaviracarya's GanitaSaraSangraha, India, 850 
Doing Algebra During a War 
Oystein Ore's Number Theory and Its History, 1948 
Buying Horses and Cows 
Leonhard Euler's Complete Introduction to Algebra, 1770 
Least Sum 
Peter Barlow's An Elementary Investigation of the Theory of Numbers, England, 1811 
Heaps of Wood Apples 
Mahaviracarya's GanitaSaraSangraha, India, 850 
Adding Fractions 
Peter Barlow's An Elementary Investigation of the Theory of Numbers, England, 1811 
Product of Squares 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Magical Threesome 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Summed Pairs are Squares 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Fermat’s Motivation 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Purposeful Confusion 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Making Numbers Squares 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Cubes Sum to a Square 
AlKarkhi's AlFakhri, Arabia, circa 1000 
Sharing Coins with Luck 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Guessing Game 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Selling Rice 
Ancient Chinese problem 
Building a Dam 
Ancient Chinese problem 
Fibonacci’s Rabbits 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Ball of String 
A Sam Lloyd Puzzle, late 1800's 
Sharing Bread for Ahmes 
Rhind Papyrus, Egypt, 1650 B.C. 
Brothers Sharing Minas 
Babylonian problem, circa 2000 B.C. 
Dying Father’s Bequest 
alKhwarizmi's The Condensed Book on the Calculation of alJabr and alMuqabala, ca. 820 
Adding Squares 
Berlin Papyrus, Egypt, 1600 B.C. 
Ages at Marriage 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1802 
Years Since the Creation 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Pounds of Flour Neat 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Pipes of Brandy 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Tough Multiplication 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Island Census 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Complex Division 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Eagles Plus 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Traveling to Pittsburgh 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Two Men Trying to Meet 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Counting the Days 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Comparing Ages 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Half a Zodiac 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
A Ship’s Cargo 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Laying Barleycorns Around the Equator 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Sending Troops Home 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Wheeeeee! 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Pulsating Sound 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Men Eating Bread 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Rewriting the Contract 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Oxen Sharing a Pasture 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Decimal Point’s a Comma 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
French Foot 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Obscene Square Roots 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Obscene Cube Roots 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Ninth Roots? 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Yearly Roots 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Fourteen Year Indenture 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Nineteen Day Trip 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Watering Down Wine 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
A Man’s Age Manipulated 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Working for Nothing 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Dozens of Roses 
Zachariah Jess and Charles Hutton's The American Tutor's Assistant, 1810 
Concentric Cities 
Babylonian problem, circa 2000 B.C. 
When 1 = 0 
Luigi Guido Grandi, 1700s 
Cut Off Triangle 
Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, Egypt, circa 1650 B.C. 
Saving KUR 
Babylonian problem, circa 1700 B.C. 
Dividing a Number 
Diophantus' Arithmetic, circa 250 B.C. 
Melon Meets Gourd 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Necessary Change 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Sheaves From Harvests 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Sea Island Tourists 
Liu Hui's Sea Island Mathematical Manual, China, 263 
Interest on Interest 
Aryabhata's Aryabhatatiya, India, 499 
Troop of Monkeys 
Bhaskara's Viji Ganita, India, 1100 
Heap of Lotus Flowers 
Bhaskara's Viji Ganita, India, 1100 
Broken Pearl Necklace 
Sridhara's Trisatika, India, 900 
Mixing Colors of Silk 
Ahmad alAb'dari ibn Mum'im, Islam, 12th century 
A Square and Its Root 
alKhwarizmi's The Condensed Book on the Calculation of alJabr and alMuqabala, ca. 820 
Restoring a Square 
alKhwarizmi's The Condensed Book on the Calculation of alJabr and alMuqabala, ca. 820 
Surplus of Dirhems 
alKhwarizmi's The Condensed Book on the Calculation of alJabr and alMuqabala, ca. 820 
Lion, Leopard, and Bear 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Bowditch Won $10 
Robert Patterson's problem as posed in Robert Adrian's The Analyst, 1808 
A and B Meet While Walking 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
PoleMeasured Door 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
I Am 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Circling the Square 
Cairo Papyrus, Egypt, 1st century B.C. 
Piero, Polo, and Zuanne, Inc. 
Treviso Arithmetic, Italy, 1478 (first printed arithmetic) 
Sebastiano and Jacomo 
Treviso Arithmetic, Italy, 1478 (first printed arithmetic) 
Pope’s Courier 
Treviso Arithmetic, Italy, 1478 (first printed arithmetic) 
Using Math to Predict Sex of a Baby 
Sun Tsu, China, 400 A.D. 
Swarm of Bees 
Bhaskara's Viji Ganita, India, 1100 
Right Triangle Produces Cubic 
Wang Hs'iaot'ung, China, 625 
Master Theodore’s Question 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Quadratorum, Italy, 1202 
Tartaglia’s Jar of Oil 
Niccolo Tartaglia, Italy, 16th century 
Cardano’s Three Dice 
Girolamo Cardano's Liber de Ludo Aleae, Italy, 16th Century 
Cardano’s Dice Error 
Girolamo Cardano's Liber de Ludo Aleae, Italy, 16th Century 
Rice Tax 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Lover’s Quarrel 
Mahavira's Ganit Saar Sangraha, India, 9th century 
Paid Daily in Florins 
Christoff Rudolff's Coss, Germany, 1520 
Dukes, Earls and Soldiers 
Robert Recorde's Whetstone of Witte, 1557 
Trig Ratios 
Regiomontanus' On Triangles, Germany, 1463 
Two Dice Game 
Christian Huygens' On the Calculations in Games of Chance, 1657 
Alternating Two Dice Game 
Christian Huygens' On the Calculations in Games of Chance, 1657 
Drawing White and Black Balls 
Christian Huygens' On the Calculations in Games of Chance, 1657 
Four Cards Four Suits 
Christian Huygens' On the Calculations in Games of Chance, 1657 
Lottery Tickets 
Abraham de Moivre's The Doctrine of Chances, 1718 
Two Balled Urn 
Thomas Bayes' An Essay Towards Solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chance, 1763 
Two People Skip the Tab 
Colin Maclaurin's Treatise of Algebra, 1748 
Cattle in Newton’s Pasture 
Isaac Newton's Universal Arithmetic, 1707 
Four Parts of 60 
Benjamin Banneker's Notebook, 1790s 
Hawk Gets the Rat 
Bhaskara's Viji Ganita, India, 1100 
Middle Term Has Value 
Bhaskara's Viji Ganita, India, 1100 
Looking Backwards 
Paramesvara's Commentary on Aryabhatiya, 14th/15th century 
Problem for a Beautiful Maiden 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1114 
MultiTasking Students? 
Benjamin Greenleaf's Primary Arithmetic, 1861. 
Shared Money 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Prudent Man and the Artist 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Powerful Cannon 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
The Missing Tenth 
American Arithmetic text, 19^{th} century 
Death of a Father 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Sharing 60 Cents 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Alms for the Poor 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Pounds of Butter 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Diet of Turnips 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Food Ratios 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Worth of a Worn Dowry 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
The Geese Master 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Sheep Demands 
American Arithmetic text, 19th century 
Stuck on 12 Denarii 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Dividing Bezants 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Two Ants Meet 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Pacing Persons 
Liu Hui's Sea Island Mathematical Manual, China, 263 
Pu Mu Ugh! 
Jiuzhang suanshu, China, ca. 200 B.C. 
Ambitious Horse 
Yang Hui's Analysis of Arithmetical Rules in Nine Sections, China, 1261. 
Climbing Vine 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Dirty Dishes From a Dinner Party 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Rice and Beans 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1114 
Necklace of Precious Gems 
Mahavir's Arithmetic, India, 925 
Play With Square Numbers 
Theon of Smyrna, Greece, 130 
Play With Cubical Numbers 
Theon of Smyrna, Greece, 130 
Problem for Lilavati 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1114 
Problem for Girl with Fawn’s Eyes 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1114 
Pretty Girl, Help! 
Bhaskara's Lilavati, India, 1114 
Man with 7 Taphs 
Leonardo Fibonacci's Liber Abaci, Italy, 1202 
Adaptable Magic Square 
Manuel Moschopolus, Byzantium, 1450 
Some Serious Sum 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Because The Will Said 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Old Testament Wins! 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Roman Numeral Subtraction 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Multiply With Haste 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Do Zie Dozens 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Yearly Expense 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Star Light Far Light! 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Roman Numeral Division 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Intemperance’s Cost 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Pulsating Blood #1 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Bible Reading 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Crooked Speculator 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Drays and Floats of Flour 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Reduction Rediculous 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Reduce But Don’t Think 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
A NonMental Problem 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Dozen Differences 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Casualties at Battle of Germantown 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Joint Problem Solving 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Is John to Blame? 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Hedonistic John and Angelic Joseph 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
No Moral Implications Here 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Owning a Whole Number 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Long Division Ala Fractions 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Orbit Overlap 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Fractional Decimal 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Drachms Into Minims 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Hogshead of Fishy Wine 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Day Math 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Studious Lad 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Compass To Acres 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Traveling Rome to Mobile 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Wheel Comparisons 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Eating Oysters Rationally 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Rational Hens Are Chickens 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Learn to Cheat the Customer 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Call the Union Rep 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Degrees of Hardness 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Loaf of Bread 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
See the Or And And 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Ten Hour Days 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Pomologist’s Orchard 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
If Only Store Ads Read This Way 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Heron to the Rescue 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Sports Rally 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
By The Tail of A Cow 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Imagine a Prolate Spheroid 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Windrow of Hay 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Best Purchase Plan 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Some Sale! 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Apples Eaten and Given 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Four Young Hoodlums 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Powerful Power 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Pay Back 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Tintinnabulation 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Weary Courier 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Counting to a Million, Billion, or Trillion 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Lottery Miseries 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Brake a Stone 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Counterfeit $50 Bill 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
DoublePriced Watch 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
You Need ESP 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Cat With Three Tails 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Halving a Trapezoid 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Chartered Car 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Three Mechanics and Two Bags 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Punctual Boy 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Boarding a Teacher 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Hungry Cow, Goose, and Goat 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Multiplying Roman Numerals 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Square vs. Rectangle vs. Circle 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
The Tinsmith’s Vessel 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
0 = 1 = 2 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
Trip From X to Y 
George Soule's Philosophic Practical Mathematics, 1872. 
A Difference Rule 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Hidden Multiples of Pi 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Equisubmultiples? 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Division Relationships 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Septenary to Undenary 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Shillings, Crown, and Pounds 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Fore and Hind Wheels 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Cotton Equator 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Hide of Land 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Comparing GCD and LCM 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Three Numbers Linked in LCM Pairs 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Cask Made to Fill 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
The Family That Steps Together 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Clocks Fast and Slow 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Decimal Combinations Added 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Busy Work 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Pliny’s Claim 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Volume of Noah’s Ark 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Logs with Rhythm 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Arithmetical Progression of Logs 
Robert Pott's Elementary Arithmetic. 1876. 
Tuns of Wine Lost Overboard 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Oxen Sharing A Pasture 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Cheese for Wood 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
My Lady, Never See Her More 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Fire D Now! 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Hope There’s Water With The Bread 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Day After Day Around a Lake 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Prisoner Under Pursuit 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Pig Seller Stymied! 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Don’t Trod on My Land 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Miss Harriet’s Fortune 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Fractional Sheep 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Ball Melted Into Cube 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
The Pulpit’s Claim Refuted 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
DollarEncompassed Land 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Olde Addition 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Dog Chasing a Duck 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
An Idiotic Problem 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Stick the Poor Farmers with the Tab 
Uriah Pike's Lectures on the Philosophy of Arithmetic, 1850. 
Real World Subtraction 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Approximate Multiplication 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Square Pattern 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Eel from Where? 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Love You Last, Wey, Bushel, and a Peck 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Take a Tun No Pun 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Trail of Barleycorns 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Counting the National Debt 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Daily Trip Around the World 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Fraction to Decimal 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
A Vulgar Fraction 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Seventh Powers 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Just Do it! 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Niece in the Will 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Clocks of Venice 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Chess Board Covered in Wheat 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
I Hear a Repeat 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Know Any 26Letter Words? 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Greyhound Catches the Hare 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Cows in Rabbit Suits 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Day of Week That Earth Was Created 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Strange Relations 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Rajah’s Doors 
John Bonnycastle's The Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1795 
Babylonian Scale 
Babylonian tablet, 1700 B.C. 
Theano Gets Left Out 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
TwelveHour Day 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Staters for Sons 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Jealous Comparisons 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Someone Stole the Walnuts 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Cost of a Greek Funeral is Two Talents 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Zeus Slept Through A Mistake 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Tears for Antiochus’ Guests 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Golden Wheels of the Sun 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
: Two Statues Having a Conversation 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Homer’s Count 
Metrodorus's Greek Anthology, 500 A.D. 
Leech Misleads Snail 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
Meeting a Horde on the Street 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
The Reluctant Pig Dealers 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
One Way to Build an Army 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
Sheep Rectangles 
Alcuin's Problems for Quickening a Young Mind, 8th century 
204 Year CD 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Gentleman’s Dowry Gift 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
40 Year Serfdom Pays Off 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Gentleman’s Will to Five Sons 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Cow Permutations for Money 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Prototype of the Titanic 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Two Steam Boats Afloat 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Pipe of Wine for $275 
Daniel Adams' New Arithmetic, 1838. 
Horse Overtakes Horse 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
A and B in a Confusing Game 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Man A Goes To and Fro 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Manipulating A Fraction 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Mixing Cheap Wines 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
The Delayed Railway Train 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
I Cry Fowl! 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
An Impossible Land Deal? 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Ugly Square Root Made Beautiful 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Solving A FourthDegree 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Two Cubical Stacks of Hay 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
DoubleDuty Eloping Ladder 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Like Newton’s Oxen 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
One Traveler Runs Out of Energy 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Progressive Will 
J. Nicholson's An Elementary Algebra: Theoretical and Practical, 1888. 
Kerleys for Sale 
Baker's The Well Spring of Science, 1580. 
Couriers On the Go 
Baker's The Well Spring of Science, 1580. 
The Satten Marchante 
Baker's The Well Spring of Science, 1580. 
Horse Seller 
Champenois' Les Institvtions De L'Arithmetique, 1578 
Progressive Relatives 
Champenois' Les Institvtions De L'Arithmetique, 1578 
Robe for a Master of Arts 
Champenois' Les Institvtions De L'Arithmetique, 1578 
Rationing Rations 
Champenois' Les Institvtions De L'Arithmetique, 1578 
Methuselah’s Age 
Suevus' Arithmetica Historica, 1593. 
An Amphora of Wine 
Suevus' Arithmetica Historica, 1593. 
Lion of a Fountain FullFilled 
Ramus' Arithmeticae Libri duo, 16th Century. 
Wyne by the Tonne 
Baker's The Well Spring of Science, 1580. 
FourFold Partnership 
Tonstall's De Arte Suppuntandi, 1522. 
Olde Equals Modern 
Van der Schere's Arithmetica, 1624. 
Jewish Interest 
Van der Schere's Arithmetica, 1624. 
The Virgin’s Rule 
Thierfeldern's Airthmetica Oder Rechenbuch, 1587. 
Ottaviano Semproni’s Jewels 
Onofrio's Arithmetica, 1670. 
Surprising System Solution 
Problem solved by Antonio de' Mazzinhi (13531383). 
Alcuin Beats Gauss 
Alcuin's Problems to Sharpen the Young, 9th Century. 
Sportsman’s Bad Habits 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Wayward Lady 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Bushel and a Quart 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
The Answer Isn’t  8 MPH? 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Wage Earner by Age and Sex 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
RollerCoaster Business 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
ThoughFull Poser 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
East Coast Time 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Wishful Interests 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Lottery GiftHorse 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Smart Alec Response 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Selling Horses for Profit 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Treating Sons Equally Unequally 
Zalmon Richards' Natural Arithmetic, 1885 
Two PostBoys 
Isaac Newton's Universal Arithmetick, 1728. 
Three Kissing Circles 
Charles Venable's Elements of Geometry, 1890. 
Two Kissing Circles 
Japanese Temple Problem, 1892. 
Circle Hiding a Triangle 
Michigan Papyrus, 150 
Whom Besides Noah? 
Leohard Euler's Introduction in Analysin Infinitorum, 1748 
Smallest Isosceles Triangle 
Thomas Simpson's Treatise of Fluxions, 1737. 
The Guest Has No Clothes 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Cloud Shadows 
Ladies Diary, 1721. 
Japanese Triangle 
Japanese Temple Problem, 1892. 
Tripos Tuffy 
Cambridge Mathematical Tripos, 1802 
The Shared Grinding Stone 
Ladies Diary, 1721. 
Head in the Clouds 
Ladies Diary, 1721. 
Watching a Brick Wall 
Ladies Diary, 1721. 
Squares of Squares 
Francois Viete's The Analytic Art, 1630. 
Wood Slice 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Desirable Tomato Can 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Magical Formula 
Benjamin Greenleaf's Geometry, 1858. 
River Runs Through It 
Ladies Diary, 1797. 
Hemispherical Bread 
Mathematical Correspondent, 1804 
Even Odd Horses 
Mathematical Correspondent, 1804 
158 Year Old Man? 
Japan, 16031867? 
Cheapest Price Possible 
Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Series Seven 
Benjamin Greenleaf's National Arithmetic, 1857. 
Square Inside a Circle Inside a Square 
Benjamin Greenleaf's National Arithmetic, 1857. 
A Rectangular Box 
Hawkes et al's First Course in Algebra, 1909. 
Horse with Two Offers 
William Milne's Standard Arithmetic, 1892. 
Lots of Bread 
Christoff Rudolff's Kunstliche rechnung, 1526. 
The Escaped Slave 
Girolama Cardano's Practica arithmetica, 1539. 
Perched on a Perch Above the Earth 
Charles Hutton's Course of Mathematics, 1816. 
Shrinking Cloth 
Nicola Tartaglia's General Tratto, 1556. 
Favoritism Within A Company 
Challenge problem sent to Peter Zenger, editor of The New York Weekly, 1742 
Asavas, Hayas, and Camels 
Bakshali Manuscript, India, ca. 200 B.C.  400 A.D. 
Breadth of a River 
Charles Hutton's Course of Mathematics, 1816. 
Number to the Numbereth 
Robert Adrian's The Analyst, 1808. 
Three Parts of Ten 
Abu Kamil's Algebra, ca. 900. 
Newton’s Nugget 
Isaac Newton's Universal Arithmetick, 1728. 
Holy Barrel 
Levi ben Gerson's The Art of the Calculator, 1321. 
Sightline From Alps to the Sea 
Almon Ticknor's Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
An Egyptian’s Thinking of Four Numbers 
Egypt, 100 
Circular Walkway 
John Gummere's A Treatise on Surveying, 1841. 
Triangular Land in Chains 
John Gummere's A Treatise on Surveying, 1841. 
Piles of Gold and Silver Coins 
China, 100 B.C. 
Rat’s Rates Race 
China, 100 B.C. 
Horrors of War in Numbers 
Lewis Carroll's A Tangled Tale, 1880. 
Train Counters 
Lewis Carroll's A Tangled Tale, 1880. 
Three Animals Pay Customs on Fur 
China, 200 B.C. 
Three Traveling Sisters 
China, 200 B.C. 
StringStrung Log 
Japan, 1660 
Two Monkeys—Climbing and Leaping 
Brahmagupta's Brahmasphuṭasiddhanta, 650 
Volume Equals Surface Area 
Benjamin Greenleaf's Elements of Geometry, 1875. 
Cos Equals Tan 
Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Fractional Growth of a Number 
Charles Hutton's Course of Mathematics, 1816 
Man on Bridge vs. Boat on River 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Invert in a Sum 
Regiomontanus, ca. 1460. 
Pulling Cable Over a Bowspirt 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Algebra vs. Thinking 
Hawkes et al's First Course in Algebra, 1909. 
Bicyclists Racing In Many Directions 
Hawkes et al's First Course in Algebra, 1909. 
Fruit With Yen Assumption 
Japan, 16031867 
Wife Drinks Barrel of Wine When 
Leonty Magnitsky's Arithmetic, 1702. 
CogWheels Cogging Together 
William Milne's Arithmetic, 1892. 
Sheep Buy Then Die 
William Milne's Arithmetic, 1892. 
Railway Train Hits Snowdrift! 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Shrinking Number 
Farmer's Almanac, 1793. 
Area Known with Sides Unknown 
The American Almanack, 1731. 
Is 2196 Special? 
Connecticut Almanack, 1781. 
Owners of Animals Are Responsible 
Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art, China, circa 1000 B.C. 
Triangling the Circle of Sorts 
Vide Simpson's Fluxions, 1805. 
The aFunction 
Vide Simpson's Fluxions, 1805. 
Long Division AlgebraStyle 
Vide Simpson's Fluxions, 1805. 
Chuquet’s Claim 
Nicolas Chuquet's Triparty en la science des nombres, 1484. 
Pennies for Beggars 
Christoff Clavius' Algebra, 1608. 
Want to Earn 8 Pennies? 
Christoff Clavius' Algebra, 1608. 
Piles of Plantains 
Mahavira's Ganit Saar Sangraha, India, ca. 850. 
Dirham Sums and Quotients 
Islamic World, ca. 820. 
Dividing 50 Two Times 
Islamic World, ca. 900. 
Cows, Plowed, and Pastures 
Edward Brooks' The New Normal Mental Arithmetic, 1873. 
Big Square in Small Lens 
Ladies Diary, 1755. 
MultiMetal Crown 
Greece, 500. 
Decimal Surprise 
Islamic World, 900. 
Weigh Weights 
Italy, 400. 
Sacred Building For an Oracle 
Italy, 16^{th} Century. 
Two Cows Equal Three Sheep 
Italy, 16th Century. 
Half Probable 
Abraham De Moivre's Doctrine of Chance, 1718. 
Animals with Six Legs and Four Heads 
Master Sun's Classic, China, ca. 1400 
WellKept Lion 
Italy, 1200. 
Circles and String 
E.W. Hobsen's Plane Trigonometry, 1891. 
Halving an Isosceles Trapezoid 
Babylonia, 2300 B.C. 
Square Squared 
Francois Viete's The Analytic Art, 1630. 
Unknown Rectangle With Knowns 
Benjamin Greenleaf's Geometry, 1858. 
Velocity of a Steamboat 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Hired Horse at 3 Pence 
Ladies Diary, 1712. 
Mystery of the Missing $184 
Jacob Willets' Scholar's Arithmetic, 1821. 
Loser’s Agreement 
Daniel Adam's Arithmetic, 1848. 
Speculator Wins 
William Milne's Standard Arithmetic, 1892. 
Move the Ladder 
William Milne's Standard Arithmetic, 1892. 
Choosing a Committee 
Benjamin Greenleaf's National Arithmetic, 1857. 
Tobacco for Wood or Butter 
Warren Colburn's Intellectual Arithmetic, 1849. 
Aquafortis For Sale 
Warren Colburn's Intellectual Arithmetic, 1849. 
Nails in a Yard 
Warren Colburn's Intellectual Arithmetic, 1849. 
Proportional Partnership 
Warren Colburn's Intellectual Arithmetic, 1849. 
Decillions and Octillions 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
SteamPropelled Boats 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Do This Problem on Your Slate 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
LCM of Fractions 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Ah, RealWorld Problems! 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Daughters Lose Again 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Significant Number vs. Significant Digits 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
DecadePlus of Leap Years 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Washington to Alaska 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
But What If It’s a Leap Year? 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Time Zones Rule! 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Say That Again? 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
GunBoat In Pursuit 
Daniel Hagar's A Common School Arithmetic, 1872. 
Mystery Mathematician 
Unknown 
A MatheMagic Trick 
Miscellaneous Notes and Queries, January 1892. 
Algebra with Rigor 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Why Not Do the 50th Power As Well 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Algebraic 4th Roots 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Square Roots Galore 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Age Ratios within a Marriage 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Sun’s Mean Daily Motion in the Ecliptic 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Hogshead of Wine 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Shepherd’s Flock Raided In Time of War 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Find Four Numbers 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Ells of Silk for a Crown 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Collectively or Severally Gain 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Harmonical Proportion 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
BigTime AlmsGiver 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Using Buckets to Empty a Hold 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Smugglers Cave 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Inverted Digits 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Fixed Star and Moon’s Centre 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Solve Fifth Degree How 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Become a Liquor Mixer 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Napoleons and Turkish Sequins 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Infinite Plane With a Finite Number of Points 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Solar Cycles, Lunar Cycles, and Roman Indiction 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Ugly Radicals 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Can Your Algebra Do This? 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Equidifferent Harmonicals Mean Proportions 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Crowns, Guineas, and Moidores 
Enoch Lewis' The Practical Analyst; or A Treatise on Algebra, 1826. 
Two StreetCar Companies 
George Meyers et al's SecondYear Mathematics for Secondary Schools, 1910. 
Fort to Fort to Ship 
George Meyers et al's SecondYear Mathematics for Secondary Schools, 1910. 
Locus Focus 
George Meyers et al's SecondYear Mathematics for Secondary Schools, 1910. 
Cargo of Slaves 
A Key to Daboll's Arithmetic, 1829. 
One Man’s Budget 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
What About The Other 32? 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Old Enough 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Furlongs To Poles 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Ells to Nails 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Unwarranted Precision 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Sigh, Signs of Seconds 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Count to a Million 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Spinning On The Earth 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
A Loaf is a Loaf 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
The Equipoised Pea in a Steelyard 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Oxen in Barrels 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Hogsheads Replenishing Gills 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Tuition Totals 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Vulgar Fractions Remembered 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
The Loan Shark 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
641 Tales of China 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Guilders, Stivers, and Florins for Tony 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Quintals of Fish vs. Tierces of Salt 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Tub With a Leak 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Sportsmen? Two Hounds vs. One Fox 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Shadows Over a River 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Indian Corn Mixed with Buckwheat 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Hogshead of Coffee, Tare and Neat Weight 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Give Archimedes an Equipoised HandSpike 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
How Poetic? Two Greyhounds vs. One Hare 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Noah’s Ark as a Ship of War 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Relevance Revisted! 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Roods and Poles as Lengths Become Areas 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Investing 20 Pieces of Cloth 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Remember Noah, Our Relative 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Jacob’s Contract 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Pulsating Blood #2 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
British Debt 
Jacob Willetts' The Scholar's Arithmetic, 1822. 
Ye Olde Trig Identity 
E.W. Hobson's A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry, 1891. 
A Clever Show 
E.W. Hobson's A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry, 1891. 
Trig Progressions 
E.W. Hobson's A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry, 1891. 
Mathematics of Croquet 
E.W. Hobson's A Treatise on Plane Trigonometry, 1891. 
Eyeing the Painting on the Wall 
Johannes Müller (aka Regiomontanus), 15thcentury. 
Man’s Shadow and The LampPost 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Economical House Plan 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Shadows Crossing the Street 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
The Hemispherical Hill Climb 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Elliptical Horse Race 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
A Versatile Tangent Line 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Limit at the Void 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Illuminating Two Spheres 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Did the Captain Have GPS? 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
HalfCut Tree 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
A Rugby Football 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
The Braking Bicycle Rider 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Collision in 14 Seconds! 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Size of a Man’s Parachute 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
Going Down an Infinitely Long Toboggan Hill 
William Byerly's Problems in Differential Calculus, 1895. 
My Bearings For a Meridian 
John Gummere's A Treatise on Surveying, 1841. 
Ye Olde Rhomboides 
John Gummere's A Treatise on Surveying, 1841. 
A Drover Drives His Drove 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
The Uniform Town 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Decreasing Multiplicand 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Imports Exceeding Exports 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
One Filthy Rich Equals Many Comfortably Rich 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Robbing the Rich to Pay Teachers 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Adam Was Born When? 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Square Inches to Square Acres 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Steamboat Wheel Revolving 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Tuns of Gills in Wine 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Giving the President a Daily Allowance 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Did It Include Mountains? 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
A. Chasing B. Via Poles 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
The Beer Drinkers Unite 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
When Venn Is Vindicated 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Make Sure You Use His Better Years 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
A Commutative Difference 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Mean Temperature AWeighted 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Our Plymouth Ancestors Live On 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Number of Possible Words in a Dictionary 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Everywhere and to the Weather 
Almon Ticknor's The Columbian Calculator, 1846. 
Cloudy Today, Probably Cloudy Tomorrow 
The Analyst, Vol. 3#4, 1876. 
Random Chords 
The Analyst, Vol. 4#1, 1877. 
Tortoise and the Fly 
The Analyst, Vol. 4#1, 1877. 
Three Vessels and Three Liars 
The Analyst, Vol. 4#1, 1877. 
Sum of Squares Not Square 
The Analyst, Vol. 4#1, 1877. 
Add Two Vulgar Fractions 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Inversion And Multiply 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Archaic Cube Root 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Biquadrate Root 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
QuadratoCubical Root: Plead the Fifth 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Age Algebra 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Christopher Wanting 52 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
How Does one Begin the World? 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Shillings to Ninepences and Halfpennies 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Recruited Cask of Wine 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Losing at Eggs 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Four Gamblers WinInACircle 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Cry Fowl! On a BowlingGreen 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
A Magic Card Trick 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
For Those Skill’d in Mathematics Arts 
The Analyst, Or An Introduction to Mathematics, 1746. 
Mean Proportions Galore 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
AgeLess Question 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Buying Property on the Cheap 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Long Journey Made Longer 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
The Herb Race 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Two Rams Butting Heads 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
An Ingenious Enigma aka a Fishy Story 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
The 9 Rule 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Crazy Mathematics 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Roll of Two Dice 
George Baron's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1804. 
Moiety at the SaltWorks 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Hemisphere of Wine Sans Cover 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Choice of Savings Plans 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Problem Begging for A Creative Solution 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Respond, Ye Sons of Science 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Proportional Horses In Poughkeepsie 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
System Requires One Be Systematic 
Robert Adrian's The Mathematical Correspondent, 1807. 
Mental Exercise 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Inflating the Army’s Number 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Servant’s Cloak 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Early SunRising 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
RectangledTriangle 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Vintner’s Wine in Flaggons 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
A Contrived Problem If Ever There was One 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
The Magic Square 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Those Slunking Companions 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Moving Cancer to Aires 
A Lover of Mathematicks' (aka Nathaniel Whittemore) A Mathematical Miscellany in Four Parts, 1736. 
Contract With the Waterman 
The Mathematician, 1751 
Rolling Ten Dice 
The Mathematician, 1751 
Pray Find Out 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Oh, To See You Again 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
General Scams King 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Intended Marriage Age 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Tippler’s Mathematics 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Seriesous Footmen From London and Norwich 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
KingSized Magic Square 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Elliptical Land in Chains 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Crew’s Prize 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Michaelmas Payment 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Sun Dial On A Plane 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Venus Exceeds Bacchus 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Four Candidates, One Winner 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Solve The Age of Marriage Equation 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Doubly Proportional Series 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Unfinished Game Finished 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Confounding Conoids 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
A Fair Dice Quere 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Six Dice Come Four Faces of a Sort 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Mathematical Reckoning of Drinking Together 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Mathematics Begets Violence 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Arranging Servants 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Amiable Numbers 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
A Mathematical Battle 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Hare’s Demise By a Subquintuplicate Inverse Ratio 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Three Irish Evidences Given Wine 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Sun Rises at Same Times? 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
A One Pound Plus Horse 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
HalfPence Become Heads 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Two Gamesters’s Expectations 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Mathematics of Her Name 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Fair Phillida Sighs In Vain 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
An Alien Love 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Minima Crease in the Almanac 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Miss Polly’s Response to a Sigh 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
The Newest Fad 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Lady Di Reigns 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Dealt Four Aces 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Rolling for a Pipe of Wine 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Number Play for Squares 
Thomas Leyborn's The Mathematical Questions, Proposed in the Ladies' Diary, 1817. 
Groats for Wine 
The Diarian Repository; or Mathematical Register, 1774. 
Keep Waggish Fellows From Ladders 
The Diarian Repository; or Mathematical Register, 1774. 
Eliza’s Cruel Father 
The Diarian Repository; or Mathematical Register, 1774. 
A HalfDrunk Sot Knows Some Algebra 
The Diarian Repository; or Mathematical Register, 1774. 
Cancel Happy 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Who Has Many Scruples? 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Price of a Slate Today? 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Planets and Zodiac Signs 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Fast Travelers We All Are 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Practical Proportions 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
South Carolina Is Less Than New Jersey 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Pistastres, Rials, and Marvadies Plate 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Tonnage of a War Ship 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
How to Pay the Tax? 
Charles Potts' The New System of Practical Arithmetic, 1836. 
Population of the World 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Heathens Roamed The World! 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Rest, Slaves 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Slave Trade 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Wouldn’t The Ball Burn Up? 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
But Does He Get Medical Insurance Too? 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Hawk versus Dove 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Union Hours Prevail 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Books Worth a Fortune Today 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Recipe for Spirits 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
So A and B Companied! 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Dollar Value of the Tabernacle 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Goliath’s Spear 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Solomon’s Brazen Sea 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Miles of Nationalities 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Roots of Roots 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Root of Root of Root 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Butcher Gets Sheepish 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Watering Down Acreage 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
False Rum…Call Archimedes 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Vespasian’s Battering Ram 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Inane Proportions 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Old John Hits A Windfall 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Country Clown and Charming Belle 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
How To Kill HalfaMan? 
Ira Wanzer's A New and Easy Introduction to Mathematics, 1831. 
Cost of a Roman Sextarius 
Suevus' Arithmetica Historica, 1593. 
The Thief Bribes Two Guards 
Tonstall's De Arte Supputandi, 1522. 
But What Did The Lawyer Earn Weekly? 
H. Hawkes etal's First Course in Algebra, 1917. 
What? No Concern At The Loss of 91%? 
H. Hawkes etal's First Course in Algebra, 1917. 
Value of a High School Education in 1917 
H. Hawkes etal's First Course in Algebra, 1917. 
War Stamps for Sale 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
What About the Other Wars Since? 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
Miles of Barbed Wire 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
Run and Run a Little More 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
Shame on Them! 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
You’re In My Space! 
W. Krampner & W. Grady's Arithmetic By Grades: Seventh Year, 1921. 
When Trains Meet 
W.W. Rankin etal's Applications of Mathematics, 1940. 
Counterfeit $50 Bill 
W.W. Rankin etal's Applications of Mathematics, 1940. 
The Size of Algebra 
Herbert Cobb's Elements of Applied Mathematics, 1911. 
Volume of a Page in a Volume 
Herbert Cobb's Elements of Applied Mathematics, 1911. 
Power of Niagara Falls 
Herbert Cobb's Elements of Applied Mathematics, 1911. 
Hide and Stay Hidden 
Herbert Cobb's Elements of Applied Mathematics, 1911. 
The Problem With Finger Counting 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Big Pockets 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Subtraction Means Loss 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Reasonable Cost for an Education 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Precise Date for Creation of World 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Nine Days Off Each Year 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Plenty of Pork 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Why in Seconds? 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
No One Killed on February 29<sup>th</sup> 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Fractional Understanding 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Following Geese to Market 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Butter versus Cheese 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Uninteresting Interest 
R.C. Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetic on a New Plan, 1827. 
Cube Rootitis 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Extreme G.C.M. 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Go For the Silver 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Wall Built By Two 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
A Marriage Built on a Keg of Beer 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
The Morphing Attachment 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Moving From Base to Base 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
How Practical Can One Get 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Square Roots Are Baseick! 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Fraction Play With Two Acts 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Why? 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Shew By Example 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
A Series of Echoes of Isaac Newton 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
City Map 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
A Theorem in Disguise 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Growing Series 
John Colenso's The Elements of Algebra Designed for the Use of Schools, 1849. 
Celebrate LadyDay 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Homer’s Memory Lives On 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
The Battle at Trafalgar 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Henry Jenkins, Supercentarian 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Point Pins Rapidly 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
One Moiety of Oranges 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Stones, Pounds, and Hogsheads 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Chaldrons of Coals…Hot or Cold 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
An Important Answer in Seconds 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
The Expenses of One’s Life 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Does Your Horse Have Furniture? 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
An Interesting Dower(y) 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
The Scholar’s Con 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Reducing Multiplied Vulgar Fractions 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Can Anything Be Equal to a Vulgar Fraction? 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Repeating Decimal Differences 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Gallons to Hogsheads 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Nuff Snuff 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Lotta’ Ladder 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Biquadrate Roots 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Who Cheated Whom 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
The Gentleman Must Be Blind 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Putting All Your Eggs in A Row 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Does Time Matter? 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Ellipse in Chains 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Did Fother Bother You? 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Reasonable Residue 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Odd Relationships 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
But 1/3 + 1/4 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/7 > 1? 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
The TriLoser 
F. Walkingame's The Tutor's Assistant, 1830. 
Way to Weigh an Ox 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Quintals of Fish 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
One Big Party 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Nails of Cloth? 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Corn Tossed at Sea 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
A Year of 13 Months 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Decimal Month 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Extended Servitude Without a Raise 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Inching Along to Dover 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Double Rule of Three 
Oliver Welch's The American Arithmetic, 1814. 
Plane Waves 
A. Hornbrook's Concrete Geometry for Beginners, 1895. 
Ratios Reified 
A. Hornbrook's Concrete Geometry for Beginners, 1895. 
Trouble In the Cathedral Churche 
Robert Recorde's Ground of Artes, 1543. 
A vs. B vs. C 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
Practical Arithmetic Supreme! 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
An Actual Examination Question from Hell 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
Four Days of Traveling 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
Two Numbers in Different Clothes 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
Frustrating Frustrum 
The School Visitor, 1886, Volume 7, Issue 10. 
Is It Less Than A Google? 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Roman Madness 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
String of Signs 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
An Error in 1888? 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
An Australian Date 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
1436 Nails 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
The Ultimate Recycling Effort 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
L.C.H.L. vs. G.C.H.L. 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Tiered Fractions 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
“One” Answer 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Inflationary Cow and Horse 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Playing With Root Percentages 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Percentage Horse Play 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Gold’in Currency 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Interest From a Pernicious Habit 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
The NEW Fuzzy Math 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Sharing Loaves of Bread 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Horse Traders Ala Mode 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
HalfDollar Per Scholar 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
A Good Time Had All 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Test With a Digital Clock 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Senary Roots 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Ugly Problem, Uglier Answer 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Cylindric Unguklas Rule! 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Shucked Corn on the Cob 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Laundering a Brush Pile 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Hemispherical Dice 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Expanding Human Body 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
No Girls Hired! 
B.F. Finkel's A Mathematical Solution Book, 1888 
Number Sense 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Eon Division 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Proof But… 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Inane Squared 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Extend to Find Power of Algebra 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Proof vs. Exhaustion 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Potential Magic 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Football Scores in 1919 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
The Election Carriages 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Does the Map Lie? 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Mystery Fraction Ala Carte 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Lie Built on a Lie 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Using a Teeter Board as a Scale 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Comparing Roots 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Two Mistakes Make a Positive 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Halfn Error 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
You Are Out! 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Geometrical Arithmetical Progression 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Make a Graph 
Irving Scott's Examination Exercises in Algebra, 1919. 
Age of the World 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Chains, Links, and Acres 
A. Flint's A System of Geometry and Trigonometry, with a Treatise on Surveying, 1830. 
Neptune Sells Some Sea 
A. Flint's A System of Geometry and Trigonometry, with a Treatise on Surveying, 1830. 
Northing and Westing 
A. Flint's A System of Geometry and Trigonometry, with a Treatise on Surveying, 1830. 
Furniture for a Horse 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Heavy Drinker of a Sot 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Worldly Lines 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Pipes of Wine 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
London Before Christ(mas) 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Runlets of Wine 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Dizzying Finances 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Man as an Obnoxious Goose 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
The Apple Thief Abetted 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Braces to Ells 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Cancellation Happy 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
Virgins, Maids, and Money 
Walkingame's Arithmetic, 1859. 
The Obligation Solved 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Flank and File 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Superficial Foot 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Rundlets of Wine 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Why Not in Hair Widths as Well? 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
With No Thought of Exhaustion 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Unproductive Product 
Edward Cocker's Arithmetic, 1719 
Spendthrift Eagle 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
It’s B’s Birthday Now, Who Will Be Next? 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
Pipes, Hogsheads, and Ditto 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
What Time Zone? 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
Proportional Feet 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
Game with Nines 
Zachariah Jess' The American Tutor's Assistant, 1813 
Ship Investment 
Elementary Arithmetic For Public Schools, 1914 
Drover's Troubles 
Elementary Arithmetic For Public Schools, 1914 
Growing Line 
H. Slaught & N. Lennes' Plane Geometry, 1910 
What Space Is This? 
H. Slaught & N. Lennes' Plane Geometry, 1910 
The Card Players 
California Teachers Exam, 1896. 
The Well Diggers 
California Teachers Exam, 1896. 
Interchanging Denominators 
California Teachers Exam, 1896. 
It’s Obvious 
County Superintendent, Tennessee, 1800's 
When Men Were Men 
C. Linderholm's Mathematics Made Difficult, 1972 
Peg to Peg 
Zanesville (OH) Teachers' Exam, 1877 
Oh To Be Tobey Wasteful! 
Greenleaf's New Practical Arithmetic, 1876 
No MoralizeZing Here 
Greenleaf's Intellectual Arithmetic, 1876 
Vulgar Moidore 
Bonnycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Sure Sursolids 
Bonnycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Oaken Barn Floor 
Bonnycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
I’ll Stay on Land…Olde Beef! 
Bonnycastle's Scholar's Guide to Arithmetic, 1780 
Variable Money 
E. Olney's The Science of Arithmetic, 1876 
Variable Age 
E. Olney's The Science of Arithmetic, 1876 
Floatin’ Down the River 
E. Olney's The Science of Arithmetic, 1876 
Acres Per Servant 
J. Hunter's Textbook of Arithmetic, for the Use of Teachers, 1847 
First He Had a Thirst 
Charles Davies' First Lessons in Algebra, 1838 
Marching Catchup 
German arithmetic text, 1799 
Scandalous Clergyman 
American text, mid1800's 
Derisive Division 
Thomson's Practical Arithmetic. 1863 
BelieveItOrNot…ComputeItOrNot! 
Robinson's Progressive Higher Arithmetic, 1860. 
PreeMail 
Robinson's Progressive Practical Arithmetic, 1860 
Geometric Flowering 
Wentworth's Plane Geometry, 1899. 
S(Mote) that Moat 
Margaret Evan's Ciphering Book (unpublished), 1792 
Nine Whacks Equals 9 Marks 
Barnard's A Treatise on Arithmetic, 1830. 
What if Rum Was Diluted With Water? 
North American Arithmetic, 1838 
But Rome was Only 100 Miles Away? 
Kobel's Eynn newe geordent Rechebuchlein vf den Linen mit Rechepfenigen, 1514 
For Sirius is Afar 
Illinois State Teachers Examination, 1876 
Focus on the Locus 
College Entrance Examination Board's Plane Geometry Exam, 1905 
Plain Planes 
College Entrance Examination Board's Advanced Algebra Exam, 1905 
Cubes of Roots 
College Entrance Examination Board's Advanced Algebra Exam, 1904 
University Takes Advantage of Another Donee 
Tartaglia's General Trattato, 1556. 
Cheap Housing 
W. Hart & C. Gregory's Socialized General Mathematics, (1937) 
Your Dental Score? 
W. Hart & C. Gregory's Socialized General Mathematics, (1937) 
Ultimate NoFault Insurance 
W. Hart & C. Gregory's Socialized General Mathematics, (1937) 
Patterns Get Repetitive 
W. Hart & C. Gregory's Socialized General Mathematics, (1937) 
A Penny Taxed Is a Penny Earned by Uncle Sam 
W. Hart & C. Gregory's Socialized General Mathematics, (1937) 
Pythagoras’ Class 
Charles Venable's An Easy Algebra for Beginners, 1890 
Impossible Division 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
At the End or the Beginning of the Fight? 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
Foot Race 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
Harmonical Intermediates 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
A Stands On Top of B? 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
When There Were Only 56 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
Answer That is Not an Answer 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
Guns, Soldiers, and Sailors 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 
Coach of Many Sides 
James Dodd's Elementary and Practical Algebra, 1852 